Leucoderma or Vitiligo is a de-pigmentation of the skin which is quite common with global prevalence. It is a distressing skin disease, where the word Leucoderma signifies ‘to have white skin’. Pigment, known as, melanin is gradually lost from the dermal layers which results into white patches. These patches may look bad, particularly in persons who have dark complexions. Leucoderma may affect any person, age and in any type of skins.
It is a lifelong skin disorder that leads to the production of white de-pigmented patches that further develops in other part of the skin. Leucoderma spots appear when melanocytes present within the skin start fading. Melanocytes are the cells that are responsible for the production of skin pigment, known as melanin. It is melanin which is responsible for the color of the skin and responsible for protecting it from harmful UV rays. Leucoderma can affect hair, inside of the mouth and the eyes. In most instances, the affected part of the skin remains faded for the rest of their life.
Causes of Leucoderma:
There are many speculations as to what may be the root cause of leucoderma. Scientists and researchers have suggested an auto-cytotoxic, neurological or auto-immunological origin. However, none of these have been proven to be precise.
Though, according to medical experts, root causes of leucoderma are:
- Calcium deficiency
- Acute or chronic gastric diseases
- Inflammatory skin conditions
- Intralesional steroid injection
- Impairment of hepatic or liver function, worm infestation
- Excessive stress and tension
- Wearing rubber gloves
- Wearing tight clothes
- Using tattoos or stickers on the skin
Symptoms of Leucoderma:
Various symptoms have been observed in Leucoderma affected patients:
- Premature graying of hair
- A small, white patch on the skin that expands with time
- Hair on the patches become white
- Hair loss
- Patient may often suffer from depression or mood swings
- Sensitivity towards cold